Trunk diameter of between 0.2 to 0.7 cm. Outer purple skin with green spots and if the parents turned into chocolate. Egg-shaped leaves, the jagged edges with a distance somewhat rare, almost invisible downy. Long strands of leaves (no stems) ranged between 5-8 cm (normal size) and leaf width of approximately 2-5 cm. Inflorescence composed of solid grains, peduncle longer than the calyx, petals covered with short hairs, funnel-shaped crown, divided into 5, the length of 1.5 cm to 2 cm, hairy, yellow, stamens 4. Spindle-shaped fruit, containing 2 to 4 seeds.
Leaves keji beling has a polyphenol content, saponins, alkaloids, potassium and calcium. It also found coumarin, flavonoids and sterols. Plants are also used empirically as an anti-tumor drugs, diabetes mellitus, liver, hemorrhoid, cholesterol, ulcers, and subject to insect venom.
Several studies have been conducted to test the efficacy of this plant are:
- In vitro, infusion of leaves keji beling proven to dissolve urinary tract stones.
- Test inhibit the formation of an artificial bladder stones in rats showed that the leaf extract keji beling dose 16.5 mg / kg to prevent the formation of an artificial bladder stones.
- Other studies have shown, leaves keji beling also efficacious or diuretic effect.
- From the test results using the method of Ames mutagenesitas against 50% ethanol extract, it leaves kejibeling not show any mutagenic effects.
Urinary Stone Disease: The Practical Guide to Medical and Surgical Management (Current Clinical Urology)